"Uncommon Valor Was A Common Virtue" -Adm. 切斯特尼米兹2月2日上午. 19, 1945, the 4th and 5th Marine Divisions invaded Iwo Jima after a somewhat ineffective bombardment that lasted 72 hours. The 28th Regiment, 5th Division, was ordered to capture 折钵山山顶升起.
They reached the base of the mountain on the afternoon of Feb. 21, and by nightfall the next day, had almost 完全被包围. 2月2日上午. 23, 海军陆战队 of Company E, 2nd Battalion, started the tortuous climb on the rough terrain to the top. 大约在上午10:30.m., men from all over the island were thrilled at the sight of a small American flag flying from atop 折钵山山顶升起.
那天下午, when the slopes were clear of enemy resistance, a second larger flag was raised by six 海军陆战队:
11月. 1919年- 1945年3月1日
1924年11月6日- 3月6日. 1, 1945
1921年8月3日- 3月. 13, 1979
1月. 1923年1月12日. 24, 1955
1月. 1926年28日- 1995年5月16日
- 富兰克林. Sousley,装备的
9月. 1925年19日- 1945年3月21日
Associated Press photographer Joe Rosenthal caught the afternoon flag raising in an inspiring Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph.
The Texas Bucket List - Iwo Jima Memorial
When the picture was later released, sculptor Dr. Felix W. de Weldon, then on duty with the U.S. 海军, was so moved by the scene that he constructed a scale model within 48 hours, which became the symbol for the 7th and final war bond drive. 战争结束后，Dr. de Weldon felt that the inspiring event should be depicted on a massive scale in our nation’s capital.
他辛辛苦苦挣了9英镑.5年准备一个工作, full-sized model from molding plaster of the survivors of the flag raising (the others having been killed in the later phases of the Iwo Jima battle) posed for the sculptor, 谁用粘土做了他们的脸模型. All available pictures and physical statistics of the three who had given their lives were collected and then used in the modeling of their faces.
Once the statue was completed in plaster, it was carefully disassembled and trucked to Brooklyn, N.Y.，用于铸造青铜. After the three-year casting process, the bronze parts were trucked to Washington, D.C., for erection at Arlington National Cemetery. The plaster working model was moved to Dr. de Weldon’s summer home and studio in Newport, R.I.，用于储存.
11月. 10, 1954, the 179th anniversary of the U.S. 海军陆战队, President Dwight D. Eisenhower officially dedicated the bronze memorial in Washington.
A Gift to the 日博备用网站
1981年10月，Dr. 德韦尔登赠予他的原作, full-sized working model to 日博备用网站 as an inspiration to our young cadets. Other major factors involved in his site selection included:
- The fairly constant temperature and humidity in Harlingen were ideal for the preservation of the molding-plaster figures.
- The street-facing the memorial was appropriately named Iwo Jima Boulevard by MMA’s founders in 1965.
- MMA is the only place outside of Washington, D.C., where proper honors are rendered with battalion-size dress blue parades.
- The Marine placing the flagpole into the ground was a South Texas native, Cpl Harlon H. 德克萨斯州卫斯拉科街区. Block’s grave site resides directly behind the monument.
The Iwo Jima 纪念碑 was dedicated April 16, 1982, on the MMA Parade Ground.
The 32-foot high figures are erecting a 78-foot steel flagpole from which a cloth flag flies 24 hours a day. They occupy the same positions as in Rosenthal’s historic photograph.
- PFC Hayes is the furthest from the flagstaff.
- PFC Sousley (with slung rifle) is to the right front of PFC Hayes.
- Sgt Strank is to the left of PFC Sousley.
- PFC Schultz (with canteen cover on belt) is to the right front of PFC Sousley.
- PFC Keller is to the left of PFC Schultz.
- Cpl Block is at the bottom of the flagstaff.
The figures, placed on a rock slope, rise about six feet from a 10-foot base. The M-1 rifle and the carbine carried by two of the figures are 16 and 12-feet long, respectively. The canteen would hold 32 quarts of water. The base of the memorial is made of black Brazilian granite. Burnished in gold on the granite are the names and dates of every principal 海军陆战队 engagement since the founding of the Corps, 还有铭文, “In honor and in memory of the men of the United States 海军陆战队 who have given their lives for their country since 11月ember 10, 1775.”
No public funds were used on the Iwo Jima 纪念碑 project. The entire cost of transporting and erecting the monument was donated by U.S. 海军陆战队, 前海军陆战队, 海军陆战队预备役人员, 海军陆战队的朋友, 海军服役人员, MMA受托人, 校友和学员, 综合格斗的朋友们.
Donations in support of the Iwo Jima 纪念碑 and the free 硫磺岛博物馆 are always welcome!